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  • 1. 閱讀理解

        In 2015, a man named Nigel Richards memorized 386, 000 words in the entire French Scrabble Dictionary in just nine weeks. However, he does not speak French. Richards' impressive feat is a useful example to show how artificial intelligence works—real AI. Both of Richard and AI take in massive amounts of data to achieve goals with unlimited memory and superman accuracy in a certain field.

        The potential applications for AI are extremely exciting. Because AI can outperform humans at routine tasks—provided the task is in one field with a lot of data—it is technically capable of replacing hundreds of millions of white and blue collar jobs in the next 15 years or so.

        But not every job will be replaced by AI. In fact  four types of jobs are not at risk at all. First, there are creative jobs. AI needs to be given a goal to optimize. It cannot invent, like scientists, novelists and artists can. Second, the complex, strategic jobs—executives, diplomats, economists — go well beyond the AI limitation of single-field and Big Data. Then there are the as-yet-unknown jobs that will be created by AI.

        Are you worried that these three types of jobs won't employ as many people as AI will replace? Not to worry, as the fourth type is much larger: jobs where emotions are needed, such as teachers, nannies and doctors. These jobs require compassion, trust and sympathy—which AI does not have. And even if AI tried to fake it, nobody would want a robot telling them they have cancer, or a robot to babysit their children.

        So there will still be jobs in the age of AI. The key then must be retraining the workforce so people can do them. This must be the responsibility not just of the government, which can provide funds, but also of corporations and those who benefit most.

    1. (1)What is the main purpose of paragraph 1?
    2. (2)Which of the following best explains "outperform" underlined in paragraph 2?
    3. (3)Which of the following jobs is the most likely to be replaced?
    4. (4)Which of the following suggestions can the author give about job replacement of AI?
  • 1. 閱讀理解

        Rich countries are racing to dematerialise payments. They need to do more to prepare for the side-effects.

        For the past 3,000 years, when people thought of money they thought of cash. Over the past decade, however, digital payments have taken off— tapping your plastic on a terminal or swiping a smartphone has become normal. Now this revolution is about to turn cash into an endangered species in some rich economies. That will make the economy more efficient—but it also causes new problems that could hold back the transition(轉型).

        Countries are removing cash at varying speeds. In Sweden the number of retail cash transaction per person has fallen by 80% in the past ten years. America is perhaps a decade behind. Outside the rich world, cash is still king. But even there its leading role is being challenged. In China digital payments rose from 4% of all payments in 2012 to 34% in 2017.

        Cash is dying out because of two forces. One is demand— younger consumers want payment systems that plug easily into their digital lives. But equally important is that suppliers such as banks and tech firms (in developed markets) and telecoms companies (in emerging ones) are developing fast, easy-to-use payment technologies from which they can pull data and pocket fees. There is a high cost to running the infrastructure behind the cash economy—ATMs, vans carrying notes, tellers who accept coins. Most financial firms are keen to abandon it, or discourage old-fashioned customers with heavy fees.

        In the main, the prospect of a cashless economy is excellent news. Cash is inefficient. When payments dematerialise, people and shops are less open to theft. It also creates a credit history, helping consumers borrow.

        Yet set against these benefits are a couple of worries. Electronic payment systems may risk technical failures, power failure and cyber-attacks. In a cashless economy the poor, the elderly and country folk may be left behind. And a digital system could let governments watch over people's shopping habits and private multinationals exploit their personal data.

    1. (1)Some rich countries are trying to      .
    2. (2)In paragraph 3, several countries are mentioned to show     .
    3. (3)Cash is disappearing largely because      .
    4. (4)The author's attitude towards digitalized payment is     .
  • 1. 閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的四個選項(A、B、C、D)中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。

        It was a cold and rainy day. I had no 1 to drive up the winding mountain road to my daughter Carolyn's house. But she 2 I come to see something at the top of the mountain.

        3as I was, I made the two-hour journey 4 the fog that hung like veils (面紗). By the time I saw how 5it was near the summit, I had gone too far away. Nothing could be worth this, I 6 as I drove slowly along the dangerous highway.

        "I'll stay for lunch, but I'm heading back as soon as the fog 7." I announced. "But I want you to drive me to the garage to pick 8 my car." Carolyn said. "How far is it?" I asked. She replied:" About three minutes and I'll drive you there."

        After ten minutes on the mountain road, I looked at her 9. "I thought you said three minutes." She smiled. " This is a detour (繞行路線)." Turning down a narrow track, we parked the car and got out. We walked a long path that was thick with pine trees. Gradually the peace and silence of the place began to fill my mind. Then we turned a corner and stopped. I was 10.

        From the top of the mountain to the folds and valleys 11 several acres of daffodils (水仙花) rich in a variety of colors. It looked as if God had painted something gorgeous in front of us. Many questions 12 my mind. Who created such beauty? Why? How? As we approached the home that stood in the centre of the property, we saw a 13 that read: " Answers to the Questions I know you are asking." The first answer was: "One Woman-Two Hands, Two Feet, and Very Little Brain." The second was: " One at a Time." The third: "Started in 1958."

        As we drove home, I was so 14 by what we had seen. I could 15speak. "She changed the world." I finally said, "one bulb (水仙球莖) at a time. She started almost 40 years ago, probably just the beginning of an idea, and she 16at it.

        The 17 of it would not let me go. I said:" Imagine if I'd had a 18 and worked on it, just a little bit every day, what might I have 19? Carolyn looked at me sideways, smiling. "20 tomorrow," she said. "Better yet, start today."

    (1)
    A . ambition B . desire C . challenge D . way
    (2)
    A . invited B . wished C . insisted D . hoped
    (3)
    A . Cautious B . Surprised C . Eager D . Unwilling
    (4)
    A . through B . over C . across D . beyond
    (5)
    A . fresh B . bright C . thick D . cloudy
    (6)
    A . doubted B . declared C . hesitated D . thought
    (7)
    A . lifts B . cleans C . raises D . sinks
    (8)
    A . out B . up C . off D . on
    (9)
    A . eagerly B . desperately C . anxiously D . calmly
    (10)
    A . shocked B . amazed C . amused D . concerned
    (11)
    A . contained B . lay C . presented D . located
    (12)
    A . filled B . disturbed C . occurred D . confused
    (13)
    A . signal B . symbol C . note D . sign
    (14)
    A . encouraged B . inspired C . moved D . thrilled
    (15)
    A . hardly B . rarely C . simply D . totally
    (16)
    A . brought B . continued C . made D . kept
    (17)
    A . wonder B . doubt C . mystery D . idea
    (18)
    A . view B . vision C . sight D . scene
    (19)
    A . predicted B . expected C . accomplished D . explored
    (20)
    A . Behave B . Take C . Set D . Start
  • 1. 假設你是學生會主席李華,你校將舉辦英語讀寫大賽。請你為校英語報寫一則通知,內容包括:

    ⒈大賽時間及目的;

    ⒉參賽對象;

    ⒊比賽內容:讀寫任務(task-based writing)和主題寫作;

    ⒋報名截止日期。

    注意:詞數100左右;可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫;

  • 1. 根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。

        If you stayed up or had a bad night of sleep last night, you know it's difficult to stay awake in class today. Your teacher's voice might begin to sound like a lullaby(催眠曲).{#blank#}1{#/blank#}To keep yourself awake, some tips are worth trying in class.

        Sit in the front of the room. Why?{#blank#}2{#/blank#}Besides, it'll be easier to pay attention and participate when you're in the front. You'll also be near the people who are more likely to participate, and the sound of their voices might keep you awake.

        {#blank#}3{#/blank#}Ask and answer questions and pay attention to the lecture. This will help if you're tired or discouraged by the content of the lecture, because you can ask your teacher questions to get to the bottom of the problems. Talking will also keep you engaged and alert. It might be helpful to make a goal for yourself to answer or ask at least 3questions per class.{#blank#}4{#/blank#}For example, you might say "I didn't understand the last part of the proof. Could you explain it again in more detail?"

        Listen actively to the lesson. Active listening is a great way to force yourself to stay awake because it requires engagement of your mind as well as your body.{#blank#}5{#/blank#}To effectively listen to your teacher, you should try to maintain eye contact, face the speaker, pay close attention to what the speaker is saying and ask questions during a pause in the lecture.

    A. Participate in class activities.

    B. Develop interest in the subject.

    C. If so, classrooms can be boring because you're tired.

    D. Keep silent all the time and try to catch as much information as possible.

    E. To avoid annoying your teacher you should try to keep your questions on topic.

    F. You'll be more motivated to stay awake if you know that the teacher can see you easily.

    G. Practicing active listening can help you keep your eyes open for the length of the lesson.

  • 1. 閱讀理解

        A 3-year-old boy who was lost in the woods for two days is now safe at home with his family. But Casey Hathaway told his rescuers that he was not alone in the rainy, freezing cold woods. He said he was with a friend — a bear.

        The child went missing on January 22. He was playing with friends at his grandmother's house in the southern state of North Carolina. When the other children returned home but Casey did not, the family searched the area for almost an hour before calling the police. Police formed a search and rescue team to look for the young boy in the nearby woods. But two days went by and still — no Casey.

        Then on January 24, someone called the police saying he heard a child crying in the woods. Police followed up on the information and found Casey at about 9:30 that night. They pulled him out of some briar. He was in good health. Casey told the rescuers that he had hung out with a black bear for two days, a bear he called his "friend".

        Sheriff Chip Hughes spoke with reporters from several news agencies. He said Casey did not say how he was able to survive in the woods for three days in the cold, rainy weather. However, the sheriff said, "He did say he had a friend in the woods that was a bear that was with him."

        Hundreds of people helped in the search and rescue efforts, including some 600 volunteers, federal police and members of the military. Officer Hughes told reporters that at no point did he think Casey had been kidnapped.

        His mother Brittany Hathaway talked with reporters from a local news agency and thanked everyone who joined the search for her son. "We just want to tell everybody that we're very thankful that you took the time out to search for Casey and prayed for him, and he's good," said his mother. "He is good, he is up and talking. He's already asked to watch Netflix. So, he's good …"

    1. (1)When did Casey get lost?
    2. (2)What can we know about the boy?
    3. (3)Why did the mother say that in the last paragraph?
    4. (4)Where is this text most likely from?
  • 1. 閱讀下面短文,按照句子結構的語法性和上下文連貫的要求,在空格處填入一個適當的詞或使用括號中詞語的正確形式填空。

        Ne Zha, China's animated blockbuster hit of the summer, is ready {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (hit) North American theaters later this month.

        Well Go USA Entertainment, {#blank#}2{#/blank#} distribution company specializing in bringing top Asian film titles to US cinemas, will release the film in select 3D IMAX theaters across North America on Aug 29, {#blank#}3{#/blank#} (follow) by a nationwide expansion on Sept 6.

        Written and directed by first-time feature filmmaker Yang Yu, also known {#blank#}4{#/blank#} Jiaozi, the film {#blank#}5{#/blank#} (tell) of Ne Zha, a boy born as a social outcast (棄兒)because of a divine prophecy(神的預言) {#blank#}6{#/blank#}he would destroy the world. He tries to change his predetermined fate and people's views of him by choosing good over evil and {#blank#}7{#/blank#} (become) their true hero.

        Built on a successful{#blank#}8{#/blank#} (adapt) of Chinese folk tale and excellent word-of-mouth, the film - the first Chinese animated film is proving to have long legs at the box office.{#blank#}9{#/blank#} a total box office of 4.1 billion yuan ($582 million) and counting, Ne Zha is the best-received animated feature ever in China, and the fourth{#blank#}10{#/blank#} (large) theatrical release in the country's box office history.

  • 1. 閱讀理解

        Theater Listing Guide

        Check out the latest shows in London theaters with our handy theater listing guide! You can either purchase tickets at the theatre or online at //www.londontheatre.co.uk/whats-on.

        Chicago, Phoenix Theatre

        Chicago, the longest-running American musical in Broadway history, has delighted audiences around the world. The main characters are two female criminals. You must be 18 or older to purchase a ticket.

        Kinky Boots, Adelphi Theatre

        Based on the successful 2005 British film by Geoff Deane and Tim Firth, this musical celebration is about the belief that you can change the world when you change your mind. Fans of musical comedy won't want to miss this fabulous show, as the songs in the musical were produced by Grammy and Tony winning pop icon Cyndi Lauper. No children younger than 6 will be admitted. Children under 3 are tree except in reserved seating.

        King Lear, Duke of York's Theatre

        Acting legend Sir Ian McKellen starred the title character in King Lear, one of Shakespeare's famous tragedies. McKellen's performance in the play, which sees King Lear become mad as he divides his kingdom amongst his children, was highly praised by critics and audiences. You must be 12 or older to enter the theatre.

        Les Miserables, Queen's Theatre

        Adapted from the epic novel by Victor Hugo, the musical tells a powerful and moving story of love, sacrifice, passion and revolutionary spirit. In October 2015 Les Miserables celebrated its 30th Anniversary in London and is now the world's longest-running musical. It is recommended for children aged 7 or over, and children under 5 are prohibited.

    1. (1)Who is the composer of the musical Kinky Boots?
    2. (2)Which show is the longest-running musical in the world?
    3. (3)What can we infer about the shows mentioned in the passage?
  • 1. 假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。

    增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。

    刪除:把多余的詞用(\)劃掉。

    修改:在錯的詞下畫一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。

    注意:⒈每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;

    ⒉只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。

        Nowadays, the computer technology develops very fast that the Internet has become more and more popular. Some students regarded it as a great helper. Because there has a lot of information online, so they can surf the Internet for any information they need in a short time without working hard in the library. This is also very convenient to talk with others by using the Internet. Moreover, other students think that there is some information online that is not good for students. In addition, spend too much time playing games will not only have a bad effect on their studies but also do harms to health. Therefore, we should make properly use of the Internet. It's of great importance separate good plants from wild weeds.

  • 1. 閱讀下面短文,掌握其大意,從每題所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出最佳選項。

    Worth the pain in the end

        I used to hate running. It seemed too hard and pushing outside my comfort zone was not something I was raised to do.

        In fact, I wouldn't have become a1if it weren't for my husband Charles. He had been a serious competitive runner for many years. After our marriage, he wouldn't stop talking about how much he missed it.

        "So start running again, why don't you?" I was getting 2 of hearing about it.

        So he picked it up again, and after about a year, I started to join him at the track (跑道). Just a few weeks later, Charles signed us both up for a five-kilometer race. I 3about doing it. It was too soon.

        But on 4 day, there I was.

        The gun went  5. Thousands of runners pushed forward.

        The first kilometer was 6.

        "I don't think I'm going to make it." I was already breathing heavily and painfully aware of the group of runners  7 past me.

        "No, you're doing 8", said Charles. He was trying to encourage me, to get me focused on something other than my  9.

        "I can't, " I said, 10 audibly (聽得見地).

        He tried a different way to 11 me. "Just make it to that house and let's see how you feel."

        After another minute I saw the three-kilometer  12. All I could think of was that I was dying and that my husband was torturing (折磨) me.

        Miserable doesn't even begin to describe  13 I felt. And there was so much 14.

        "You'll be fine. You've got less than a kilometer to go."

        I rounded a corner and saw both sides of the street thick with people watching the race, all cheering the runners on. I 15 my legs to keep going.

        Then I looked up and saw the clock. The seconds ticking away (一分一秒地過去) gave me an incentive (助力). I knew that if I finished this race, I would have achieved something. So, I straightened up, and kicked it.

        I had my arms held higher when I passed 16the finish line. A volunteer put a 17 around my neck.

        "You did great! I'm so 18 of you!" Charles was thrilled that I'd 19 it.

        "That was AMAZING! I want to do another race. This running stuff is amazing!" I proudly hugged my medal as we started to walk to the post-race festivities.

        My lungs and my comfort zone both 20.

    (1)
    A . runner B . traveler C . racer D . cheerleader
    (2)
    A . afraid B . tired C . aware D . confident
    (3)
    A . thought B . dreamed C . hesitated D . cared
    (4)
    A . race B . sport C . show D . task
    (5)
    A . on B . off C . up D . down
    (6)
    A . long B . short C . easy D . tough
    (7)
    A . brushing B . walking C . pounding D . sliding
    (8)
    A . wrong B . right C . great D . bad
    (9)
    A . disability B . dishonor C . disgrace D . discomfort
    (10)
    A . barely B . nearly C . merely D . roughly
    (11)
    A . advise B . persuade C . order D . force
    (12)
    A . signal B . symbol C . point D . mark
    (13)
    A . how B . what C . when D . why
    (14)
    A . sweat B . anger C . pain D . pleasure
    (15)
    A . willed B . dragged C . pulled D . supported
    (16)
    A . by B . over C . at D . through
    (17)
    A . ring B . necklace C . medal D . scarf
    (18)
    A . ashamed B . guilty C . sure D . proud
    (19)
    A . done B . made C . taken D . caught
    (20)
    A . developed B . expanded C . changed D . progressed
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